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Network behind firewall is unreachable

If the tunnel is established but request traffic from the endpoint doesn't reach the permitted network resource, check the following settings.

  • Scenario: Traffic flow

    • Firewall to permitted resource
    • Endpoint to permitted resource

To check if the client traffic reaches the firewall, see the following pages:

Remote access SSL VPN flow diagram.

Traffic from endpoint to permitted resource

In the endpoint

The route is pushed to the endpoint after the tunnel is established. To check if the route is added, see the endpoint's routing table as follows:

  1. Enter the route command for your endpoint OS.
  2. The route entry must have the following details:

    1. Destination IP address: Permitted network resource's address (example:
    2. Interface: The tun interface address. It's an IP address from the SSL VPN lease range (example:
    3. Address assigned to the endpoint: An IP address from the SSL VPN lease range (example:

An example:

Route on the endpoint to the permitted resource.

Route doesn't exist in the endpoint.

If you don't find the route in the endpoint, do as follows:

  1. Download and import the .ovpn file again to see if it resolves the issue.
  2. Check the VPN client's log to know the issue.
  3. Check the endpoint permissions. See An SSL VPN user can't access firewall LAN resources.

In the firewall

If the route exists in the endpoint, check the following parameters:

  1. To check if SSL VPN traffic is arriving at the firewall, do as follows:

    1. Send a ping request from the endpoint to the permitted resource.
    2. Go to Diagnostics > Packet capture, and enter the following under BPF string:
    host <Destination IP address> and port <SSL VPN port> or host <Leased IP address>

    host and port 8443 or host

    Packet capture for end-to-end SSL VPN traffic.

  2. If you don't get the above result, check if the firewall can reach the resource:

    1. Temporarily turn on ping in the permitted network resource.
    2. Go to Diagnostics > Tools and send a ping from the firewall to the resource.

    If there's no response, you must check your network topology.

Check the configurations

Check the following configurations.

Firewall rules

Firewall rule for SSL VPN

Make sure the firewall rule has the following settings:

  1. Source zones: VPN
  2. Source networks: The system hosts ##ALL_SSLVPN_RW or ##ALL_SSLVPN_RW6.
  3. Destination zones: Select one of the following options:

    • Any if you've turned on Default gateway in the SSL VPN policy.
    • Zones to which the permitted network resources belong, for example, WAN, DMZ.
  4. Destination networks: Select one of the following options:

    • Any if you've turned on Default gateway in the SSL VPN policy.
    • The permitted network resources you specified in the remote access SSL VPN policies.
  5. Users and groups: If you specified resource access to specific users, make sure you added the users or groups as follows:

    1. Select Match known users.
    2. Add users or groups under User or groups.

Matches incorrect firewall rule

To check if traffic matches the correct firewall rule, do as follows:

  1. Go to Log viewer and select Firewall in the drop-down list.
  2. Click Add filter and specify the following filters:

    Setting Value
    Field In interface
    Condition Is
    Value tun

The firewall uses tun interfaces, such as tun0 and tun1, for SSL VPN traffic.

  1. Click Add filter.
  2. See the firewall rule ID under the Firewall rule column.

An example:

Firewall rule ID to identify the rule matching SSL VPN traffic.

If an incorrect firewall rule is matched, take one of the following actions:

  • Move it lower than the correct firewall rule in the firewall rule list.
  • Change its Services setting to exclude SSL VPN's port-protocol combination.

SSL VPN configurations

SSL VPN global settings

Under Assign IP addresses, make sure the subnets don't overlap with the following addresses:

  • An internal network.
  • Any static route's destination IP address or network.
  • Static peer IP addresses in site-to-site SSL VPN tunnels.
  • Commonly used home router subnets, such as,,,,, and

  • Static IP addresses, if any, must be within the static IPv4 or IPv6 address range in SSL VPN global settings.

SSL VPN policy

  1. Go to Remote access VPN > SSL VPN.
  2. Make sure you added the correct users or groups to Policy members in the policy.
  3. Under Permitted network resources, make sure you follow these guidelines:

    1. Even if you turned on Default gateway, select the network resources remote users can access.
    2. Don't select the interfaces. These don't ensure that users access the corresponding subnets. See Troubleshoot SSL VPN remote access connectivity and data transfer issues.
    3. Check if you selected the correct resources.


To apply the changes to SSL VPN policies, users must disconnect and reconnect the tunnel.

DNAT rule

If the permitted network resource IP address is the same as the home router's address, add a DNAT rule as follows:

  • Original source: IP host with the SSL VPN lease range.
  • Translated source: Original
  • Original destination: A non-conflicting IP host address.
  • Translated destination: Permitted network resource address.

DNS resolution

If users can't access permitted resources using their FQDN, check the following configurations:

  1. If the permitted resource is an FQDN, using dynamic IP addresses, remote users must manually disconnect and reconnect when the address changes.
  2. Make sure you configured the correct DNS server in SSL VPN global settings.
  3. Go to Administration > Device access and check if you allowed DNS over VPN.