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Add an SD-WAN profile

Select a routing strategy (first availability or SLA) and configure the health check settings when adding a profile. After adding an SD-WAN profile, add it to an SD-WAN route.

To add an SD-WAN profile, do as follows:

  1. Go to Routing > SD-WAN profiles and click Add.
    Alternatively, you can add a profile when adding an SD-WAN route. See Add an SD-WAN route.
  2. Enter a name and description for the profile.
  3. In Routing strategy, select one of the following strategies:

    • First available gateway: Use this to route traffic based on the availability of the gateways. The firewall performs a health check on all the added gateways in the order you listed and selects the first available gateway.

      To route traffic based on the performance of the gateways, turn on Service Level Agreement (SLA).

    • Load balancing: Use this to load-balance traffic among all the added gateways or gateways that meet the SLA. Select a load-balancing method:

      • Round-robin: Use this to load-balance traffic among all gateways in the listed order.
      • Session persistence type: Use this to maintain the same gateway for the duration of a session based on the persistence type you select (Source IP address, Destination IP address, Source and destination IP addresses, or Connection).

      See Load balancing.

  4. Select gateways and assign them an order.

    1. Select gateways: Select two or more gateways. You can add up to eight gateways to a profile. If you haven’t created any gateways or want to create more, click Create.
    2. Assigned gateways: Drag and drop the gateways in the order you want the firewall to evaluate them.

    Here's an example:

    Select gateways

  5. In Gateway weights, enter a weight for each gateway. See Gateway weights.

    Note

    This option is shown only if you select the Load balancing routing strategy.

  6. Specify the SLA settings to route traffic based on the performance of the gateways.

    Name Description
    SLA Routes traffic based on the performance of the gateways.
    Turn it off if you want to route traffic based on the default routing strategy (first availability).
    SLA strategy Select one of the following:

    Best quality: Select to route traffic through the best-performing link based on one of the following performance monitoring criteria:
    • Latency: Selects the gateway with minimum latency.
    • Jitter: Selects the gateway with minimum jitter.
    • Packet loss: Selects the gateway with minimum packet loss.
    The firewall determines the best gateway based on the criteria you select.
    You can select this option for non-critical business use cases.

    Custom SLA: Select to route traffic through the best-performing link based on the custom values you define for the following:
    • Maximum latency: Maximum acceptable latency in milliseconds.
    • Maximum jitter: Maximum acceptable jitter in milliseconds.
    • Maximum packet loss: Maximum acceptable packet loss in percentage points.
    The firewall routes traffic through the first available link that meets the SLA. If no link meets the SLA, it uses the default routing strategy (First available gateway).

    Here's an example if you select Best quality:

    Best Quality SLA

    Here's an example if you select Custom SLA:

    Custom SLA

  7. Specify the health check settings.

    Name Description
    Health check Turn it on to perform health checks for monitoring the gateway's status.
    If you turn on SLA, Health check is automatically turned on, and you can’t turn it off.
    Protocol Protocol for checking the gateway's status. You can select either Ping or TCP.
    Probe target Sophos Firewall sends requests to host IP addresses behind the gateway. It considers the gateway active if the hosts respond to health check probes. You can add multiple probe targets.

    Specify the following details:
    IP address: IP address of a host device behind the gateway.
    Port: If you select the TCP protocol, you must specify the port number to use for health check probes.
    Health check attempts Specify the following details:
    Interval between checks: Time interval between probes for the health check.
    Response time-out: The gateway must respond within this time to be considered active.
    Action Specify the following settings:
    Deactivate gateway after: Number of consecutive attempts to probe the gateway's health. If the gateway doesn't respond to these attempts, Sophos Firewall considers the gateway unreachable.
    Activate gateway after: Number of consecutive responses after which Sophos Firewall can consider a link as active.
    Sample size for SLA Number of probe samples to be collected to determine the average performance of a gateway.
  8. Click Save.