Every computer connected to a network uses a routing table to determine the path along which an outbound data packet must be sent to reach its destination. For example, the routing table contains the information whether the destination address is on the local network or if the data packet must be forwarded to a router. If a router is involved, the table contains information about which router is to be used for which network.
Two types of routes can be added to the routing table of Sophos UTM on AWS: standard static routes and policy routes. With static routes, the routing target is exclusively determined by the packet's destination address. With policy routes, however, it is possible to make routing decisions based on the source interface, source address, service, or destination address.